A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. An act that harms someone and for which you can be held legally liable, even if it is not a crime or a right under a contract A situation in which lawyers, doctors and other professionals are allowed to keep their conversations with people secret by law A debt that should have been included by the debtor in the lists submitted to the court, But it wasn`t. (Depending on the circumstances, an unexpected debt may or may not be settled.) Payment of a debt to a creditor within 90 days prior to a debtor`s bankruptcy filing (or within one year if the creditor was an insider) that gives the creditor more than the creditor would receive in the case of the debtor under Chapter 7. In some situations, the words are legitimate and legal roughly equivalent. However, legitimate may refer to a right or legal status, but also, in the case of extensive use, to a right or status supported by tradition, custom or recognized norms. Any manner in which a debtor disposes of or disposes of his assets. A defence used in criminal cases where the mental state of the accused leads him to commit a crime without knowing that he is doing so. The crazy automatism is when a person is mentally ill and commits the crime. Nonsensical automatism is when the defendant has been temporarily affected, for example during sleepwalking or a seizure or concussion. Legally responsible for hurting or hurting a particular person, so you have to pay them something that relates to someone`s refusal or involves doing something they are legally required to do, such as abiding by an agreement or paying a debt to accuse someone of a crime. Prosecutor hears criminal case on behalf of government Some common synonyms for legal are legal, legitimate, and legal.
Although all of these words mean “in accordance with the law,” the law refers to what is sanctioned by law or in accordance with the law, especially when written or administered by the courts. A declaration by a debtor under Chapter 7 regarding plans for dealing with consumer debts secured by estate assets. The function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of criminal proceedings – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before they appear in court. Pre-Investigation Service officials are focusing on investigating the background of these individuals in order to assist the court in deciding whether to release or detain them pending trial. The decision is based on the likelihood that these individuals will flee or pose a threat to the community. If the court orders release, a pre-trial officer supervises the person in the community until the person returns to court. A district court bailiff who conducts initial proceedings in criminal cases, decides criminal cases, conducts numerous preliminary civil and criminal cases on behalf of district judges, and decides civil cases with the consent of the parties. A claim that arises in or in connection with insolvency proceedings and begins with the filing of a complaint with the court, i.e. a “proceeding” that takes place in the context of insolvency proceedings. A penalty or other type of enforcement used to ensure compliance with the law or rules and regulations.
“In the manner of a poor man.” Permission from the court for a person to file a case without paying the required court fees because the person cannot pay them. The principle that judges must base their court decisions on written laws and precedents, regardless of their personal and political opinions, the words legal and legal may be used in similar contexts, but legal applies to strict compliance with the provisions of the law and applies in particular to what is regulated by law. The exemption of a debtor from personal liability for certain excusable debts. Notable exceptions to excusability include taxes and student loans. Debt relief relieves a debtor of personal liability for certain debts, called excusable debts, and prevents creditors who owe those debts from taking action against the debtor or the debtor`s assets to collect the debts. Debt relief also prohibits creditors from communicating with the debtor about the debt, including through telephone calls, letters and personal contacts. As provided for in the Criminal Law Act, an organization formed within a federal judicial circuit to represent criminal accused who do not have the means to defend themselves adequately. Each organization is overseen by a federal defense attorney appointed by the county Court of Appeals.
Court-based powers that allow a person to manage the property of a deceased person without making a will or appointing living executors An invalid proceeding caused by a fundamental error. If a failure is found, the procedure must begin with the selection of a new jury. a legal examination to show that the cause of a claim was not only factual but also the legal cause of a particular result Non-insolvency proceedings in which a claimant or creditor attempts to submit their claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. A person or company that files a formal complaint with the court. Written statement from a judge on the court`s decision. Since a case may be heard by three or more judges of the Court of Appeal, opinion may take various forms in appeal decisions. If all the judges agree fully on the outcome, one judge writes the opinion for all. If not all judges agree, the formal decision is based on the opinion of the majority, and a member of the majority will write the opinion. Judges who disagreed with the majority may formulate separate dissenting or concurring opinions to express their views.
A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or legal principles used by the majority to decide the case. A concurring opinion agrees with the majority opinion`s decision, but offers further comments or clarifications, or even a completely different reason for reaching the same conclusion. Only the majority opinion can serve as a binding precedent in future cases. See also previous. A proceeding brought by a single party before the court, without the other party having notified or contested it. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Act that provides for the adjustment of the debts of a person with a regular income is often referred to as the “employees” plan. Chapter 13 allows a debtor to keep their assets and use their disposable income to pay off debts over time, usually three to five years. The meanings of lawful and legal largely overlap; However, lawfulness may apply to respect for laws of any kind (e.g., natural, divine, general, or canonical). An official of the judiciary who has the power to adjudicate complaints before the courts. The term commonly used judge can also refer to all bailiffs, including Supreme Court judges. A bailiff of the United States District Court who is the competent judicial officer in federal bankruptcy cases.
A bankruptcy case filed either without a timetable or with incomplete schedules listing few creditors and debts. (Aluminum foil observations are often made for the purpose of delaying expulsion or foreclosure. The sale of a debtor`s assets with the proceeds used for the benefit of creditors. Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. Latin, which means “of one`s own will”. Often designates a court acting in a case without either party asking for it. The time limit within which a prosecution must be instituted or a prosecution initiated. The time limit may vary depending on the nature of the civil proceedings or the criminal offence charged.
Legally liable according to a specific “legal” law. Merriam-Webster.com Thesaurus, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/legally. Retrieved 21 September 2022. The Sentencing Reform Act 1984 abolished probation in favour of a particular penal system, in which the level of punishment is determined by penal directives. Now, without the possibility of parole, the court-imposed jail sentence is the actual time the person spends in prison. A special condition imposed by the court requires a person to work – without pay – for a civil or non-profit organization. Transfer of a debtor`s assets with the debtor`s consent. The chapter of the Insolvency Code dealing with cross-border insolvency cases. A fraudulent transfer of a debtor`s assets or for which the debtor receives less than the value of the transferred assets. A principle that allows a person to benefit from a promise made even in the absence of a legally binding contract, when a person is held legally responsible for the actions of another person, for example when an employer is responsible for the actions of an employee.
Vicarious liability is often referred to as secondary employer liability. A district court may grant either party to civil or criminal proceedings the right to expel a number of potential jurors without cause or explanation. Nglish: Translation of legal for Spanish speakers A civil, not criminal, false.