If you`re renting an apartment or house, you`ll likely charge a deposit for repairs and cleaning. This should not be confused with last month`s rent, which cannot legally be used as a deposit (see The difference between last month`s rent and a deposit for more details). Normal life always leads to some sort of wear and tear, like scratches on a wooden floor, but what costs can you deduct from your tenant`s deposit? The following information is a general guideline. This package describes your rights regarding deposits in a residential tenancy and includes a form (deposit request) to apply for your deposit. Step 2: Look at the law! Since June 2019, the Housing Stability and Tenant Protection Act (“HSTPA”) protects tenants from high late fees. If your lease allows late fees, your landlord can only charge what`s less – 5% of the monthly rent, or $50. This means that no homeowner in New York State can charge more than $50 in late fees per month. If the total rent for your apartment is less than $1,000 per month, the maximum late fee would be even lower. EVICTIONS AND ATTORNEYS` FEES – The prevailing party in an eviction action is entitled to compensation for attorneys` fees and costs. This is legally permitted and is required in the eviction action. So if you succeed in evicting the resident, you can ask the court to award you fees and costs.
Let`s say you lose the deportation. You may have to pay the resident`s fees and expenses if the resident has retained a lawyer. What if you simply filed an eviction application in error against a resident because you think they owe you the rent, but the resident actually paid the rent and you misplaced or misrecorded the payment? Of course, they would immediately dismiss the lawsuit. No harm done, right? Not if the resident hired a lawyer and showed up and responded to a lawyer or filed a motion for release. Here, you could be responsible for the resident`s legal fees, although you quickly dropped the case and never pursued it. You may be wondering how to lose an eviction. There are several possibilities: your three-day notice period could be wrong, you prepared the notice incorrectly, you misserved the notice, the resident had a valid payment defense, you didn`t make any repairs, you regularly agreed to a late rental, or you are a shared apartment and didn`t register your fictitious name. There are many other ways to lose a case.
The last thing you want is to be responsible for the resident`s legal fees. Sometimes a security deposit is called a “security deposit” and is usually a sum of money that the landlord can keep if a rental property needs to be cleaned or repaired to restore the property to the condition it was when the tenant first moved in. Deposits serve the benefit and protection of the landlord in case something on the property is really dirty or broken at the end of a lease. Homeowners are not allowed to deduct a deposit for items that only suffer from normal wear and tear. LEGAL FEES AND BAIL LITIGATION – Few managers have not experienced a bail conflict at some point. Residents regularly feel that the manager wrongly took too much bail for damages, which the resident vehemently denies. While most of these disputes should and will be resolved before a lawsuit, managers are often surprised to see how the judge behaves very kindly towards the resident, viewing the resident as a victim and the manager as the evil person trying to scam the resident. The manager must prove that the occupant has damaged the premises, there is uncertainty as to whether anything exceeds normal wear and tear, the manager often does not have a detailed inspection sheet for moving in and moving, and often the manager does not have photos to document the condition of the property before and after the move.
In most cases, the judge will order the manager to return part of the deposit to the resident. Now, let`s say the manager demanded $500.00 of a $750.00 bond, and in court, the judge believes that the manager was only entitled to $450.00 of the bond. Who is the winner? Unfortunately, most case law says that the resident is the winning party because he or she sued and got something back from the manager. It may not sound fair, but most judges will consider the resident to be the winning party in a case like this. If the resident had retained a lawyer to represent them in court, the manager will likely have to pay a significant amount of legal fees to the resident. The amount in dispute or the amount earned by the resident is disproportionate to what the lawyer can charge the judge in lawyers` fees. If the lawyer can satisfy a judge that 10 hours were spent on the $250.00 case, the manager may have to pay the resident`s lawyer $2500.00 if the dispute was only a $500.00 claim posted on bail. A word to the wise: If the resident gets a lawyer and threatens to sue, make sure you win before taking a position that you will not budge and settle the matter.
Some tenants choose to withhold their rent for the last month in the hope that the landlord will keep their deposit. This is not technically allowed by law and could result in a bad reference from the landlord if you need it for your next apartment. But if you need that deposit, this is an option! Note: If you paid as part of your security deposit an amount designated in the lease as “last month`s rent”, this amount can be used for your last month`s rent. Other forms of deposit cannot be used to pay your last month`s rent unless the landlord expressly agrees to authorize it. BUT if your landlord doesn`t agree to release you early from the lease or sublet the unit, and you still break the lease, you may be liable to the landlord for the rent until the end of the lease. The landlord has a “mitigation obligation,” which means they must make reasonable efforts to re-rent the unit, and if they are able to rent it, you will only be responsible for the months it was not rented. If you end up owing rent to the landlord for breaking the lease early, he or she can remove it from your deposit. There are limits to the amount of the deposit: In general, a landlord can withhold all or part of the deposit to pay for any damage to the dwelling that occurred during the tenant`s occupation, except for those due to normal wear and tear.
Typically, the landlord can deduct other costs such as late fees, unpaid rent, and unpaid utility bills. If a tenant does not leave the apartment in a hygienic state, a landlord may also be entitled to deduct reasonable costs from any necessary cleaning.